Here’s a new complaint against the European empires. Michael Mann says they left “cheap buildings”:
there are no great enduring cultural artifacts, the equivalent of Mayan temples, Roman arenas, or the Great Wall of China… Shoddy empires leave few traces.
(Sources of Social Power Vol. 4 p. 22)
This is more simple-minded anti-Westernism.
One of the great 19th Century buildings – Victoria Terminus, Bombay: