Polygyny: The 16,000 Wives of Krishna

Laura Betzig illustrates how widespread polygyny was in history.

The Jews were polygynous. The Old Testament recounts

Abraham had a son by his wife, Sarah; he had another son by Hagar, who was Sarah’s maid; and he had 6 sons by Keturah, after Sarah died. But some of his grandsons outdid him. Jacob had 12 sons by 4 women—6 by his wife, Leah; another 2 by his wife, Rachel; and another 4 by Bilhah and Zilpah, his wife’s maids.

David lived in an ivory palace, surrounded by ladies of honor and virgin companions; the Bible names one of his daughters, and 19 of his sons. But his son, Solomon, was much more ambitious than he was. “He had seven hundred wives, princesses, and three hundred concubines; and his wives turned away his heart” (1 Kings 11:3).

The Hindus were polygynous. The Mahbharata tells us

pretty girls dance “by the thousands” when Arjuna marries the flawless princess, Draupadi. And the lord Krishna, whose 8 wives give him 80 sons, captures thousands of women from the evil Narakasura. After which, his first wife is flattered: “You live long with tremendous beauty and welfare. You are considered and worshipped as eldest of all 16,000 wives of Krishna.”

But in Europe, things were somewhat different. Charlemagne had several concubines and 4 wives. Wikipedia says Charlemagne had eighteen children over the course of his life with eight of his ten known wives or concubines. But the 4 legitimate wives were successive not concurrent. This was serial monogamy with some concubinage. It was not a harem.


Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s