Two researchers survey ~800 social psychologists and find that many of them, who are overwhelmingly liberal, said they would discriminate against conservatives.
My take: I suspect more would discriminate against conservatives, but would not admit it on such a survey. Also, I wonder how far this applies in other fields?
Two things could be done to make it fairer for conservatives in academia. The first step is to raise awareness that they are victimized. The second would be for universities to declare “zero tolerance” for such discrimination.
A lack of political diversity in psychology is said to lead to a number of pernicious outcomes, including biased research and active discrimination against conservatives. The authors surveyed a large number (combined N = 800) of social and personality psychologists and discovered several interesting facts. First, although only 6% described themselves as conservative “overall,” there was more diversity of political opinion on economic issues and foreign policy. Second, respondents significantly underestimated the proportion of conservatives among their colleagues. Third, conservatives fear negative consequences of revealing their political beliefs to their colleagues. Finally, conservatives are right to do so: In decisions ranging from paper reviews to hiring, many social and personality psychologists said that they would discriminate against openly conservative colleagues. The more liberal respondents were, the more they said they would discriminate.
Yoel Inbar and Joris Lammers, Political Diversity in Social and Personality Psychology, Perspectives on Psychological Science, 7, 496-503.